It is important to evaluate the spectrum of causes and contributory factors behind this large number of maternal mortality in India. Numerous studies have been conducted from time to time to fulfil this goal. However, the maternal mortality rate still remains very high. Hence the present study was conducted at tertiary care hospital at Government medical college, Akola, Maharashtra to review the maternal deaths and causes of maternal mortality. Materials & method:
It was an Observational (Retrospective) study. It was conducted in cases of maternal deaths who were admitted at tertiary care hospital from July 2013 to June 2018. Thorough analysis of the individual case record of all the cases of maternal mortality was undertaken with respect to factors like age, cause of death (direct/ indirect) and contributory factor. Results:
There were 16,493 live births and total number of maternal deaths were 155. Mean MMR in the study period was 940/100000 live births. Highest percentage 52.26% (81) of maternal deaths belong to age group 21-25 years. Deaths due to direct causes were 98 (63.22%) whereas 57 (36.77%) maternal deaths were due to indirect causes. Conclusion:
It has been noted that the most common cause of death in present study is hypertensive disorder (eclampsia) which is different from the common cause of death nationally and worldwide.
Dr. Srividya Tadru, Dr. Nitin Purohit, Dr. Shyamkumar Sirsam. Review of maternal mortality at tertiary care hospital in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Int. J. Contraception Gynaecol. Obstet. 2019;1(1):07-13.